The G7 wants to regulate artificial intelligence. Should the US board?

Credit: Hannah Moore / Northeastern European University

By introducing new controls on artificial intelligence software exports last week, the White House appealed to lawmakers, businesses and European allies to avoid over-regulating artificial intelligence. It also maintained its refusal to participate in a plan proposed by the Group of Seven Leading Economies, which seeks to establish common principles and regulations on artificial intelligence as the US prepares to take over the agency this year.

USA. rejected cooperation with other G-7 nations on the project, known as the Worldwide Artificial Intelligence Partnership, arguing that the plan would be too restrictive.

Kay Mathiesen, assistant professor at Northeastern, who focuses on information and computer ethics and justice, argues that the US refusal to work with other nations on a united plan could come back to hurt its residents.

Proponents of the project say it will help government leaders stay informed on technology development. The project, they say, could also help to reach a consensus among the international community to limit some uses of artificial intelligence, especially in cases where it is found to control citizens or violate their privacy and autonomy.

US leaders, including Deputy Technology Director Lynne Parker, oppose the proposal seems too bureaucratic and could hinder the development of artificial intelligence in US technology companies.

But Mathiesen says many companies are already ahead of the curve when considering or implementing surveillance mechanisms to guide the ethical development of their products. He says it is important to counteract the potentially harmful effects of artificial intelligence to ensure that the benefits of technology are not outweighed by the cost.

“The idea that we should not regulate at all or not think about it, because maybe then we can limit ourselves, I think that’s a pretty simplistic view,” says Mathiesen, a philosophy professor who studies political philosophy and ethics. “It’s not like the G-7 has the power to suddenly impose regulations on the American industry. So the argument that just by joining this (team) and the principle of thinking about these things and doing research on it , and develop (political) recommendations – which in turn will take us back to artificial intelligence, which does not hold much water. “

Mathiesen argues that failure to work with other countries to address privacy issues arising from the uncontrolled dissemination of artificial intelligence products – such as face recognition – could lead to consumer retaliation and thus slow the development of artificial intelligence. in the USA

“Technology is advancing incredibly fast and we want to make sure we think ahead and create consumer protection from the start before things get too late and we need to try to solve problems that we could have prevented,” he says.

The plan for the Global Artificial Intelligence Partnership, introduced in December 2018, is to ensure that artificial intelligence projects are designed with responsibility and transparency in a way that prioritizes human values, such as privacy. The initiative was greatly boosted by Canada, which then held the rotating G-7 presidency, and was kept alive by France the following year. The US will assume the chairmanship of the agency this year.

In addition to Canada and France, other G-7 countries, including Germany, Italy, Japan and the United Kingdom, are participating in the project. The European Union, India and New Zealand have also expressed interest. Mathiesen says while she understands the concerns of some US government officials that she is out of competition, the US is important. to participate in this effort, especially when technology is still evolving.

“In a way, it’s better for the US to have buy-in first and it’s on the table to make these arguments about how to balance concerns about things like privacy, security and potential harm that how could we balance that while also allowing companies and inventors to create new things with artificial intelligence that could be economically and socially beneficial? “she says.

Mathiesen suggested that failure to engage in these talks with the wider international community could leave the US behind.

“I think American citizens are going to suffer for it, as is the case now with the lack of privacy,” he says.

In collaboration with global professional service provider Accenture, researchers at Northeastern Institute of Ethics last year produced a report that provided organizations with a framework for establishing ethics committees to guide the development of smart machines.

Microsoft is part of the plan for ethical artificial intelligence

Provided by
Northeastern University

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The G7 wants to regulate artificial intelligence. Should the US board? (2020, January 14)
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